Who Is Spreading HIV in US? CDC Answers.

9 Out of 10 New Infections in US Are From Non-Diagnosed and Those Diagnosed Not On Treatment, According to CDC Analysis Published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

According to the press release:

“Individuals infected but undiagnosed with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and those individuals diagnosed with HIV but not yet in medical care accounted for more than 90 percent of the estimated 45,000 HIV transmissions in 2009, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.”

Additionally, the article published online says that diagnosed, retained in care, virally suppressed individuals living with HIV are 94% less likely to transmit HIV than those that are HIV-infected and undiagnosed.

“According to study results, there were more than 1.1 million people living with HIV in 2009. Of those, 207,600 (18.1 percent) were undiagnosed; 519,414 (45.2 percent) knew of their infection but were not in medical care; 47,453 (4.1 percent) were in medical care but not prescribed ART; 82,809 (7.2 percent) were prescribed ART but not virally suppressed; and 290,924 (25.3 percent) had achieved viral suppression.

Those individuals who were infected with HIV but undiagnosed and those individuals who were diagnosed with HIV but not in medical care accounted for 91.5 percent (30.2 percent and 61.3 percent, respectively) of the estimated 45,000 transmission in 2009.”